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Reuse and Copyright

Re-use Policy

You may copy, reprint, publish, reproduce, or otherwise display materials (excluding materials that contributors or others have copyrights on-check with sources) from the Cactus Thorns on the condition that you attribute those materials to Cactus Thorns and provide a link to our web site ( Specifically, any article or materials that you reprint or otherwise reproduce must be displayed with its by-line, if applicable, under the heading “From Cactus Thorns.”

Copyright Policy

The materials produced by Cactus Thorns are protected by copyright as a collective work or compilation under the copyright laws of the United States and other countries. All individual articles, content and other elements comprising this compilation and produced by Cactus Thorns may also be copyrighted works. You must abide by all additional copyright notices or restrictions contained in any materials.

You may not make any editorial changes to articles or materials without first receiving express permission from Cactus Thorns. This provision does not restrict excerpting portions of content in a manner that does not alter the editorial intent.

This site is published by Dan O’Brien at Cactus Thorns, but copyright to and responsibility for all posts and comments are owned by their respective authors.

Obviously, the posts and comments here are the views of their authors, and not of anyone else.

While we’re strong believers in free speech, we reserve the right to edit or delete offensive comments or comment spam or other offensive material. While we allow the use of a certain amount of strong language as a literary vehicle or a way of making a strong point, gratuitous and continual foul language because you are unable to convey a lucid thought or down right threatening communications to others will not be tolerated. Serious and continued F-Bombing the System Operator is the surest way of being banned from this site (there are a million ways of combining the English language, barring being a “Eddie Murphy” Clone, to insult the Sysop). Our contributors, however, reserve the right to embarrass and make asses of themselves in public.

More Legal stuff here!

Any statements from these letters/posts should be verified prior to being relied upon as being factual. We believe that the information is true when we post it within these letters. Even so, the reader should question and investigate the information provided as to its truthfullness. Even though we feel that the information is true, no one should rely on any information provided until it is verified as correct. The views represented within these letters are not necessarily our opinion.

Please Note: We will attempt to correct any information we find to be false. We will not publish any information about a public figure that we “believe” to be “False” or have “actual knowledge of being false”. (See Sullivan vs New York Times) Please let us know if you find any additional information regarding any posted statements herein. The information posted here has had a very high probability of being factually correct. We have tried to be diligent in our postings as to avoid any “reckless disregard” for the information presented (expanded Sullivan Rule). The letters are provided a “Matter of Public Concern” therefore are “Common Law Privilege” (See Sullivan vs New York Times). These letters are posted as citizen opinions under the First Amendment Right. In 1974, Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc, 418 U.S. 323 there is no such thing as a false idea. Even obvious sarcasm is not liable per 1988 ruling in Hustler Magazine v. Falwell 485 U.S. 46. This forum of letters is a constitutional privilege of “neutral reporting” per Edwards v. National Audubon Society.

Adapted from the fair use policy of the California Progress Report


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