“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”
- Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
To use an oxymoron, the “anti-gun intellectuals” tell us that the “well regulated militia” clause in the Second Amendment refers to the National Guard, and does not guarantee an individuals right to be armed. Here’s what the authors of the Second Amendment had to say:
“I ask, sir, what is the militia?” Answer: “It is the whole of the people, except for a few public officials.” – George Mason, co-author of the Second Amendment, during the debate to ratify the Constitution.
“A well regulated militia, composed of the Gentlemen, Free holders, and other free men was necessary to protect our ancient laws and liberties from the standing army. – George Mason
“To disarm the people is the best and most effectual way to enslave them.”
- George Mason
“Americans have the right and advantage of being armed – unlike citizens of other countries whose governments are afraid to trust the people with arms.”
- James Madison, Father of the Second Amendment.
“The militia is composed of free citizens” – Samuel Adams, defining the militia.
What about the “well regulated” statement? Gun grabbers claim that this is Constitutional authority to regulate firearms. Here is what it really means: President George Washington implored the first congress to pass an act requiring every able bodied American male to own a firearm to form the basis of a citizens militia. Washington also wanted them to be disciplined and trained in the use of arms. “Well regulated” means the citizen army is to be well trained and disciplined.
“A free people ought not only be armed, but disciplined.”
- George Washington
The Militia Act of 1792, formed a citizen army apart from regular federal troops. The “well regulated Militia” clause provided congress the constitutional authority to form such a militia. It’s intent was to provide a huge military reserve force to back up the poorly trained and equipped federal army if necessary, and to insure that the civilian population was armed and trained to preserve their freedom.
The act called for able bodied males between the ages of 18 and 45 to be enrolled in the militia. Militiamen were required to arm themselves with a rifle or musket, bayonet and belt, two spare flints, a cartridge box with 24 round balls, a powder horn and 1/4 pound of gunpowder, and a knapsack. Militiamen were required to report for training twice a year. Requiring private citizens to arm themselves was an extremely cost effective way of maintaining a military reserve.
George Masons’ recommendations for arming the militia asked for even more firepower. “Keep a good fire-lock in proper order & furnish ourselves as soon as possible with, and always keep by us, one pound of gunpowder, four pounds of lead, a pair of bullet moulds, one dozen gun flints, a cartridge box, or powder horn, and bag for balls.”
If the militia act of 1792, were in force today, we would perhaps be required to arm ourselves with a semi-automatic rifle in a military caliber, with large capacity magazines, and at least 300 rounds of ammo in stripper clips, but the government doesn’t trust us with guns anymore.
The Militia Act of 1792, was replaced by the Militia act of 1903, where the National Guard became the primary military reserve. There’s a huge difference between the Militia act of 1792, and the formation of the National Guard. Militiamen were required to keep arms at all times. Guardsmen can only be armed with permission from the governor of the state, or the U.S. President. The Founders would have considered the National Guard as part of a standing federal army.
A grave concern of the Founders was the misuse of federal troops against the people:
“Before a standing army can rule, the people must be disarmed, as they are in almost every kingdom in Europe. The supreme power in America cannot enforce unjust laws by the sword, because the whole body of the people are armed, and constitute a force superior to any band of regular troops that can be, on any pretense, raised in the United States. – Noah Webster, in advocating that Pennsylvania ratify the Constitution.
It is always dangerous to the liberties of the people to have an army stationed among them, over which they have no control. The militia is composed of free citizens.” – Samuel Adams, concerned about the possible misuse of federal troops, and defining the militia.
James Madison, was concerned yet confident that “a militia amounting to a half a million men” would prevent a federal army from seizing power and authority over the people.
Does any of this suggest that the Second Amendment was drafted to protect our right to hunt ducks?
The Second Amendment and the Militia Act were inspired by the Swiss militia. In Switzerland, the defense of the country is predominately in the hands of the civilian militia. It has kept them free for 700 years. Every Swiss male is required to own and maintain a fully automatic rifle and ammunition at his home. The rifle is provided free of charge by the Swiss government. Shooting competitions are the National sport. Switzerland has one of the lowest crime rates in the world.
Shortly before World War 1, a German general asked a Swiss militiamen what his country would do if Germany invaded Switzerland. He replied, “We would each fire one shot, and then go home.” Israel has a similar civilian militia that has kept them free despite being surrounded by enemies.
The Remington Arms Company, advertised that they armed the worlds largest civilian army by selling 5 million Model 700 bolt action hunting rifles. The National Rifle Association has over 4 million members and is quickly growing to 5 million. Much to the chagrin of gun grabbing lib’s, 250,000 new members joined the NRA after Sandy Hook. That wasn’t supposed to happen. The NRA was supposed to be thoroughly discredited. Americans own over 270 million firearms, soon to be 300,000 million, enough to arm 100 percent of the population. There’s no doubt our Founding Fathers would approve.
The NRA was founded in 1871 by Col. William Church and General George Wingate. Dissatisfied with the marksmanship prowess of federal troops, they formed the National Rifle Association to teach gun safety and marksmanship to civilians in hopes that they might be able to hit something when called into service.
To this day, the NRA is the premier organization for the training of law enforcement officers, gun safety and marksmanship. In 1975, the NRA formed the Institute for Legislative Action (NRA-ILA) to lobby for the protection of the Second Amendment. The Founding Fathers would approve.
Next: Who needs an assault rifle? Can we trust our government? What weapons are Constitutionally protected? Where’s the bottom line for gun grabbers? Dial 911 and die! Solutions for reducing tragedies like Sandy Hook. Taking freedom for granted.
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